About the Open Membrane Database

What is the OMD?

The Open Membrane Database (OMD) is an open-access, crowd-sourced resource with the performance and properties of 6004 reverse osmosis (RO) and solvent resistant nanofiltration (SRNF) membranes. The interactive charts and search functions allow easy data exploration and comparison of membrane performance, physicochemical properties and synthesis conditions.

Researchers are encouraged to upload their latest membrane performance results (see Submit a Membrane) to update the OMD with state-of-the-art membrane technologies. Only data published in peer-reviewed journals, patents, or commercial product datasheets is allowed on the database to provide quality control.

Currently, the OMD only contains RO and SRNF membranes. The goal is to later incorporate other membrane-based separations technologies such as forward osmosis (FO), and ion-exchange (IX) to name a few. Please get in contact with us if you would like to contribute to this exciting collaborative effort of sharing and compiling membrane data, or if you have questions or comments!

How to credit the OMD?

If you have used any content of the OMD in your work, please give credit to it by citing the following reference :

Ritt, C.L., Stassin, T., Davenport, D.M., DuChanois, R.M., Nulens, I., Yang, Z., Ben-Zvi, A., Segev-Mark, N., Elimelech, M., Tang, C.Y., Ramon, G.Z., Vankelecom, I.F.J., Verbeke, R. (2022). The open membrane database: Synthesis–structure–performance relationships of reverse osmosis membranes. Journal of Membrane Science, 641, 119927

The Open Membrane Database (OMD) is licensed under CC BY-NC 4.0

People behind the OMD


Dr. Rhea Verbeke, co-founder of the Open Membrane Database
Dr. Rhea Verbeke is co-founder of the OMD. She obtained her PhD at KU Leuven in 2020 and conducted research at Yale University, the R&D Department of DuPont Water Solutions and the Research Neutron Source of the TU Munich. She has pioneered the use of epoxide chemistry for TFC membrane synthesis, and explored advanced physico-chemical characterization methods, including ERD and PALS. Her work targets the development of chemically robust water purification membranes for applications in harsh conditions.
Dr. Timothée Stassin, co-founder of the Open Membrane Database
Dr. Timothée Stassin is co-founder of the OMD. He obtained his PhD at KU Leuven on the vapor-phase processing of metal-organic framework powders and thin films. His current interests as an independent researcher include bridging the gap between high-tech academic research and low-tech field solutions, and the development of collaborative and multidisciplinary research platforms.

Founding members

Ines Nulens, founding member of the Open Membrane Database
Ines Nulens obtained a M.S. degree in Bio-Science Engineering (Environmental Technology) from KU Leuven in 2017. In 2018, she joined the Membrane Technology Group to pursue a PhD on the topic of TFC membrane development using ionic liquids and the synthesis-morphology-performance relationship of polyamide TFC membranes.
Dr. Douglas Davenport, founding team member of the Open Membrane Database
Dr. Douglas Davenport earned his PhD in Chemical Engineering from Yale University in 2020 where he studied high-pressure reverse osmosis (HPRO) for hypersaline brine desalination. His PhD combined industrial and theoretical perspectives as he constructed a crossflow apparatus capable of operating at 150 bar in order to study the fundamentals of thin film composite membrane compaction in HPRO. Douglas is continuing his work as a postdoctoral researcher at KU Leuven where he is working to synthesize novel membrane chemistries at pilot scale.
Dr. Zhe Yang, founding member of the Open Membrane Database
Dr. Zhe Yang a post-doc fellow of Environmental Engineering and received his PhD degree from the University of Hong Kong in 2018. In July of 2016, he was a visiting PhD student in SCELSE (Singapore Centre for Environmental Life Sciences Engineering) Summer Course in Nanyang Technological University. His research interests focus on membrane separation, desalination and water reuse. He was a Guest Editor of Membranes for a special issue on “Membranes for Environmental Application 2020”. He is also an inventor of 2 patents, and the invention of a rapid water filter received a Gold Medal at the 2019 Geneva International Exhibition of Inventions.
Adi Ben Zvi, founding member of the Open Membrane Database
Adi Ben Zvi is a PhD student in Professor Guy Ramon's group at the Technion - Israel Institute of Technology, studying synthesis-morphology-performance relations in polyamide membranes, via the IP reaction. Her research is inspired by halophytic plants: understanding their mechanism of salt separation, and utilizing their biomaterials and morphology to synthesize biomimetic membranes.
Naama Segev, founding member of the Open Membrane Database
Naama Segev PhD student at the Technion - Israel Institute of Technology in the Faculty of Environmental Engineering under the supervision of Associate Professor Guy Ramon. Her research interests include membrane fouling visualization, oily wastewater membrane based separation, membrane surface interactions and fouling mitigation.
Cody Ritt, founding member of the Open Membrane Database
Cody Ritt is a PhD candidate in the Elimelech Research Group, part of the Department of Chemical and Environmental Engineering at Yale University. He received his B.S. and M.S. in Civil Engineering from North Dakota State University (NDSU). His research at Yale has focused on applied nanofluidics, with topics ranging from Monte Carlo simulations of desalination across 2D nanomaterial membranes to experimentally elucidating the mechanisms which govern polyamide ionization.
Ryan DuChanois, founding member of the Open Membrane Database
Ryan DuChanois is a Ph.D. Candidate in the Department of Chemical and Environmental Engineering at Yale University under the supervision of Professor Menachem (Meny) Elimelech. Ryan received a B.S. in Civil Engineering from the University of Arkansas and was the top graduate in the College of Engineering. Ryan also was a Gates Cambridge Scholar at the University of Cambridge, where he completed an MPhil in Engineering for Sustainable Development and received the Water Conservators Best Dissertation Prize. Now at Yale, Ryan seeks to improve the molecular selectivity of synthetic desalination and ion-selective membranes using principles of biological channels. His Ph.D. focuses specifically on developing membranes that are able to selectively remove a single ionic species from water, such as a contaminant or valuable resource.


Prof. Ivo Vankelecom, founding member of the Open Membrane Database
Prof. Ivo Vankelecom studied Bioscience Engineering at the Catholic University of Leuven (KU Leuven), Belgium, where he graduated in 1990. In 1994, he obtained his PhD in Applied Biological Sciences from the Department of Interphase Chemistry on "Inorganic Porous Fillers in Organic Polymer Membranes". He subsequently worked at KU Leuven as postdoc on membrane catalysis. During this period, he spent 6 months at the Ben-Gurion University of the Negev (Beersheva, Israel) in 1999 and at Imperial College (London, England) in 2001. Since 2002, he is professor at KU Leuven where he teaches courses on Membrane Technology, Adsorption, Bio-engineering in Perspective, Environmental Impact Analysis and Chromatography.
Prof. Tang Chuyang, founding member of the Open Membrane Database
Prof. Chuyang Y. Tang is a Professor of Environmental Engineering at the University of Hong Kong. His research focuses on membrane separation technology, desalination, and water reuse. His invention on aquaporin-based biomimetic membranes has resulted in the successful commercialization of Aquaporin Inside Membranes. Professor Tang is an Editorial/Advisory Board Member of Environmental Science & Technology Letters, Journal of Membrane Science, Desalination, and Environmental Research. He has over 260 refereed publications, with a Google Scholar citation of >22,000 and an H-index of 84. He is a recipient of Hong Kong RGC Senior Research Fellowship, Singapore Ministry of National Development R&D Merit Award, Finland Distinguished Professor Program Fellowship, and the International Desalination Association Fellowship.
Prof. Guy Ramon, founding member of the Open Membrane Database
Prof. Guy Ramon received his doctoral degree in Environmental Engineering from Technion - Israel Institute of Technology at Haifa and then spent one year at the University of California, Los Angeles as a US-Israel BARD postdoctoral fellow, followed by 2 years at Princeton University as a Marie-Curie fellow. Since 2013 he has been at the department of Civil & Environmental Engineering at the Technion, and currently is an Associate Professor, head of the Environmental Engineering undergraduate program and the Water & Energy Technologies Laboratory (WETLab). Research activities in his group are focused on developing sustainable technologies for water and energy production, and environmental concerns at the Energy-Water Nexus. These include broad aspects of membrane science and technology, fluid dynamics, and development of acoustic energy conversion devices.
Prof. Menachem Elimelech, founding member of the Open Membrane Database
Prof. Menachem Elimelech graduated summa cum laude from the Hebrew University of Jerusalem with B.S. and M.S. degrees in 1983 and 1985, respectively. He earned his Ph.D. in environmental engineering at Johns Hopkins University in 1989 under the direction of Charles R. O’Melia. His dissertation was titled “The Effect of Particles Size on the Kinetics of Deposition of Brownian Particles in Porous Media.” Elimelech was professor and vice chair of the Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering at UCLA. He moved to Yale University in 1998, he founded Yale's Environmental Engineering Program and is the current program director as well as Roberto C. Goizueta professor. His research interests include problems involving physicochemical, colloidal, and microbial processes in engineered and natural environmental systems.

Publications related to or citing the OMD

Yang, Z., Guo, H., & Tang, C. Y. (2019). The upper bound of thin-film composite (TFC) polyamide membranes for desalination. Journal of Membrane Science, 590, 117297. [DOI: 10.1016/j.memsci.2019.117297]
Verbeke, R. FAIR and Open Data requires proper incentives and a shift in academic culture. Nat Water 1, 7–9 (2023).
Zhao, S., Chen, K., Niu, Y., Yuan, B., Jiang, C., Wang, M., ... & Niu, Q. J. (2023). Heterogeneous polyamide composite membranes based on aromatic poly (amidoamine) dendrimer for molecular sieving. Journal of Membrane Science, 121384.
Pasqualin, P., & Davies, P. A. (2023). Experimental and theoretical investigation of nanofiltration membranes for liquid desiccant regeneration in air conditioning applications. Applied Thermal Engineering, 221, 119644.
Nulens, I., Peters, R., Verbeke, R., Davenport, D. M., Van Goethem, C., De Ketelaere, B., ... & Vankelecom, I. F. (2023). MPD and TMC supply as parameters to describe synthesis-morphology-performance relationships of polyamide thin film composite membranes. Journal of Membrane Science, 667, 121155.
Tian, M., Ma, T., Goh, K., Pei, Z., Chong, J. Y., & Wang, Y. N. (2022). Forward Osmosis Membranes: The significant roles of selective layer. Membranes, 12(10), 955.
Guimarães, R. N., Moreira, V. R., & Amaral, M. C. (2022). Membrane technology as an emergency response against drinking water shortage in scenarios of dam failure. Chemosphere, 309, 136618.
Peng, Y., Yang, J., Qi, H., Li, H., Li, S., Su, B., & Han, L. (2022). 2D COFs interlayer manipulated interfacial polymerization for fabricating high performance reverse osmosis membrane. Separation and Purification Technology, 303, 122198.
Shao, S., Zeng, F., Long, L., Zhu, X., Peng, L. E., Wang, F., ... & Tang, C. Y. (2022). Nanofiltration membranes with crumpled polyamide films: a critical review on mechanisms, performances, and environmental applications. Environmental Science & Technology, 56(18), 12811-12827.
Armstrong, M. D., Vickers, R., & Coronell, O. (2022). Trends and errors in reverse osmosis membrane performance calculations stemming from test pressure and simplifying assumptions about concentration polarization and solute rejection. Journal of Membrane Science, 660, 120856.
Chen, X., Verbeke, R., Boo, C., Dickmann, M., Egger, W., Ndamage, K., ... & Yip, N. Y. (2022). Elucidating the Roles of Polyamide Layer Structural Properties in the Permeability–Selectivity Tradeoff Governing Aqueous Separations. ACS ES&T Engineering, 2(10), 1857-1870.
Zhou, S., Long, L., Yang, Z., So, S. L., Gan, B., Guo, H., ... & Tang, C. Y. (2022). Unveiling the Growth of Polyamide Nanofilms at Water/Organic Free Interfaces: Toward Enhanced Water/Salt Selectivity. Environmental Science & Technology, 56(14), 10279-10288.
Lv, X., Wang, E., Liu, S., Liu, L., Yin, Y., Li, S., ... & Han, L. (2022). Tannic acid reinforced interfacial polymerization fabrication of internally pressurized thin-film composite hollow fiber reverse osmosis membranes with high performance. Desalination, 538, 115926.
Fei, Z., Jiang, C., Li, M., & Hou, Y. (2022). Imidazole assisted molecular-scale regulation of polyamide for preparing reverse osmosis membrane with enhanced water permeance. Journal of Environmental Chemical Engineering, 10(4), 108146.
Wu, S., Wang, F., Zhou, S., Long, L., Yang, Z., & Tang, C. Y. (2022). Vacuum-assisted MPD loading toward promoted nanoscale structure and enhanced water permeance of polyamide RO membrane. Separation and Purification Technology, 297, 121547.
Park, K., Kim, J., & Hong, S. (2022). Brine management systems using membrane concentrators: Future directions for membrane development in desalination. Desalination, 535, 115839.
Mitkowski, P. T., Szaferski, W., Nędzarek, A., & Sales-Cruz, M. (2022). Design of membrane systems. Physical Sciences Reviews.
Ruiz-García, A., & Nuez, I. (2022). Simulation-based assessment of safe operating windows and optimization in full-scale seawater reverse osmosis systems. Desalination, 533, 115768.
Medeiros, A. D. L. M. D., Silva Junior, C. J. G. D., Amorim, J. D. P. D., Durval, I. J. B., Costa, A. F. D. S., & Sarubbo, L. A. (2022). Oily Wastewater Treatment: Methods, Challenges, and Trends. Processes, 10(4), 743.
Han, J. C., Xing, X. Y., Wang, J., & Wu, Q. Y. (2022). Preparation and properties of thin-film composite forward osmosis membranes supported by cellulose triacetate porous substrate via a nonsolvent-thermally induced phase separation process. Membranes, 12(4), 412.
Najid, N., Hakizimana, J. N., Kouzbour, S., Gourich, B., Ruiz-García, A., Vial, C., ... & Semiat, R. (2022). Fouling control and Modeling in reverse osmosis for seawater desalination: A review. Computers & Chemical Engineering, 107794.
Giorno, L. (2022). Membranes that filter and destroy pollutants. Nature Nanotechnology, 17(4), 334-335.
Zeng, L., Zhu, Z., & Sun, D. W. (2022). Novel graphene oxide/polymer composite membranes for the food industry: structures, mechanisms and recent applications. Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition, 62(14), 3705-3722.
Wen, Y., Dai, R., Li, X., Zhang, X., Cao, X., Wu, Z., ... & Wang, Z. (2022). Metal-organic framework enables ultraselective polyamide membrane for desalination and water reuse. Science advances, 8(10), eabm4149.
Ritt, C. L., Nami, M., & Elimelech, M. (2022). Laser Interferometry for Precise Measurement of Ultralow Flow Rates from Permeable Materials. Environmental Science & Technology Letters, 9(3), 233-238.
FWO supports the Open Membrane Database
KULeuven supports the Open Membrane Database
NSF supports the Open Membrane Database
Technion supports the Open Membrane Database
University of Hong-Kong supports the Open Membrane Database
Yale University supports the Open Membrane Database
The African Membrane Society (AMSIC) supports the Open Membrane Database
The Membrane Society of Australasia (MSA) supports the Open Membrane Database

Contact the OMD Team


- OR -